Culloden Battlefield Tour Guide – Things to See & Do
This year marks the 275th anniversary of one of the bloodiest and most famous battles ever fought in Scotland.
The last great battle on British soil, the wild moor is the resting place of many who fought and died in battle between Jacobite and British government forces in 1746.
Visitors can now walk along the lines of battle and pay their respects to those who lost their lives in the historic clash.
Currently maintained and maintained by the National Trust for Scotland, Culloden Battlefield is one of the country’s most significant heritage sites and is worth a visit.
What Happened in the Battle of Culloden?
Taking place on April 16, 1746, the Battle of Culloden saw a Jacobite army, which had won victories at Prestonpans and Falkirk, confront a much larger British government force that had been sent to end their uprising.
Led by Charles Edward Stuart, known as Bonnie Prince Charlie, the Jacobite force sought to restore the Stuarts to the British throne.
They encountered a larger and well-rested Hanoverian government force under Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland in the open moorland.
After just an hour, the exhausted Jacobites, who first faced a one-sided artillery barrage before charging through a rain-flooded field to reach the government line, were forced to retreat.
How many Scots died at the Battle of Culloden?
The rout saw around 1,500 Jacobite casualties – the force was made up mostly of Scots but with a few French, English and Irish who also fought on the Jacobean side – just 300 of the Hanoverians.
The reported tactics of the more disciplined government line saw them bay the enemy diagonally to their right on the vulnerable side of the sword swinging the Jacobite.
This meant that they were more successful than fighting the best defended directly in front, helping them break through opposing Highlander lines.
After the Jacobites fled the battlefield, many of those who managed to escape were brutally hunted down, captured and killed, ending the uprising.
Bonnie Prince Charlie died in Culloden?
No, the young suitor was aided by several of his own men, as well as locals, to escape government troops for five long months before eventually fleeing to France, never to return to Scotland.
The story of his escape from battle and then to Benbecula and the Isle of Skye inspired the Skye Boat Song, the famous Scottish song used as the theme song for Outlander.
Where is the Culloden battlefield located?
The site of the battle is just four miles east of the city of Inverness.
Is Culloden Battlefield free?
Yes, you can enter the battlefield for free, but the Culloden Visitor Center, open daily from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., is worth the price of admission to fully understand what happened on the ground that day. -the.
You’ll find a museum with artifacts from the battle itself, a 360-degree battle immersion theater (putting visitors in the heart of the action), the restored 18th-century Leanach Cottage (which was there during the battle ) and a shop filled with souvenirs (and even a whiskey).
For more information or to book your tickets in advance, visit nts.org.uk.
What else can you expect in Culloden?
Outlander fans will get a special treat, fans will be able to spot some sets from this series where Culloden appears in both story timelines.
First in 1946, when Frank and Claire went to the battlefield to research Frank’s family history; and second in 1746, when a pregnant Claire returns to the field with Jamie before the battle – her knowledge of the impending massacre forces them to go their separate ways and she returns to the 20th century.
There is also the famous gravestone of the Fraser clan.
Visitors are also invited to salute the new cooing conservation team currently grazing the battlefield.
Joining 12 Shetland cattle, six primitive goats and two Highland ponies who all participate in conservation grazing at the battlefield site, the animals work to control the brush and create healthy moorland.
These animals play a crucial role in maintaining the landscape to show what the battlefield would have looked like in 1746. The Trust relies on the herd to provide continuous work on the moor to protect the archeology of the land and natural flora and fauna.
Some of the new cows and calves give a little nod to Culloden’s past, with Flora and Lady Anne named as strong Jacobite women who aided Prince Bonnie during and following the Uprising of 1745. Others have more original names, including the new stellar calf, Rocket.
The National Trust for Scotland is asking members of the public to help manage the battlefield, engage the public with its stories and importance, and fight commercial developers to protect the site for future generations.
To learn more or to join the Culloden Fighting Fund, visit www.nts.org.uk/campaigns/cullodens-fighting-fund.
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